Temple of the 3 windows of Machu Picchu
Posted on : 30 March 2021
In the Inca city of Machu Picchu, in the area of ”Urin” (a lower part of the residential área, there’s the temple of the 3 windows. In the sacred city of Machu Picchu, the Inca’s priests were constantly controlling the social organization, the religious beliefs, and the most important events of the Inca Empire. Inside the temple of the 3 windows, cults and religious ceremonies were held directed to the mountains that protect Machu Picchu. Ceremonial objects such as glasses, vases, jugs, and decorated fountains have been found in this place.
The temple of the 3 windows owes its name to the 3 large trapezoidal windows located in the lower wall of its construction. Historians affirm that these 3 windows represent the 3 worlds of the Andean worldview. In the temple of the 3 windows, there is also half of a “chacana”
The concept of “chacana” is the basis for understanding the Inca’s astronomy and worldview. Its existence in this temple shows that the temple of the 3 windows was a religious place of great importance. The 3 levels of the chacana symbolize the Andean trilogy of the cosmos: The Hanan Pacha, the world above, the Kay Pacha, the world where man plants and animals inhabit, and the Uku Pacha, the world below, or, the dead’s world. The temple of the 3 windows is believed to have been built to represent these 3 worlds. The architecture of the temple of the 3 windows is the most impressive in the city of Machu Picchu. In one of the walls of the temple, the Incas left spaces to form 5 trapezoidal windows, the 3 middle windows being the main ones and those that mark the sunrise every day.
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