Machu Picchu and the Incas (1438-1534)
Posted on : 01 September 2021
Machu Picchu cannot be disconnected from the builders in this case the Incas, the Incas used and perfected techniques to handle the stone in construction of public buildings, transportation, astronomy, agriculture, driving, water and places and buildings with religious purposes, all the technology was perfected from previous cultures that handle similar technologies in construction, metal work, among others, the Incas worked hard to build cities and to make infrastructure to connect cities and places to Cusco the world’s navel, one of the preeminent governors or Inca is Pachacutec who extended the Incas empire in great part of South America, and who is considered the author of the construction of Machu Picchu, we will see how he ordered the construction of Machu Picchu.
The construction of Machu Picchu was made during the reign of Inca Pachacutec, it all began in 1440 during his campaign in Vilcabamba when the Picchu gorge was conquered by the Incan Emperor Pachacutec (1438-1470). The location of Machu Picchu most likely impressed the monarch due to its particular character and impressing panoramic view and for that reason he ordered to build an urban complex with luxurious buildings, civil as well as religious.
In the era of Inca Pachacutec the Inca architecture was advancing by adopting new and revolutionary forms and it’s in Machu Picchu that we can see this new avant-garde architecture of the imperial building. The conquest were in many ways a de-civilization process as it killed an empire that was known as one of the few autonomy cultures that humanity knows about.
It’s believed that Machu Picchu had a moving population as most of the Incan villages and that the population fluctuated between 300 and 1000 inhabitants who belonged to the elite, probably members of the royal Panaca and the acllas of Pachacutec. It has been proven that the agricultural forces were made up by mitimaes (migrants) settlers.
Machu Picchu wasn’t by any means a remote compound, for that reason the myth of the “lost city of the Incas” and “the secret retreat” of the Incan emperors lack authencity.
To understand Machu Picchu we need to consider the philosophy and how the constructors thought in those days, they were formed by the nature and the high ethical and moral level as well as their high work moral where idleness was nowhere to be found.
When Pachacutec died according to the royal Incan customs he along with his personal belongings were given to his panaca where they mummified the late king. It’s presumed that their tradition kept during the government of Tupac Yupanqui (14-70-1493) and Huayna Capac (1493-1529)
Machu Picchu must have lost part of its importance when it had to compete with the personal properties of the successors. For that matter, the opening of a road that was broader and more secure between Ollantaytambo and Vilcabamba (in the Amaybamba valley) made the road of the Picchu gorge less used.
Machu Picchu, an enigmatic city with a thousand year old mysterious story that gets lost between the reality, myth and legend.
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Machu Picchu holds an impressive architecture, developed by the Incas, the Inca (emperor) Pachacutec (1438-1470) ordered the construction of Machu Picchu, the place impressed to the emperor, the Inca was developing new and revolutionary architecture, its believed that the population fluctuated between 300 and 1000 inhabitants believed to be an elite a royal Panaca and the acllas, the construction was develop with top techniques, Pachacutec was probably mummified there and put with his belongings.
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