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Posted on : 05 February 2023

Cusco, the center of the Inca empire

Cusco, also known as the historical capital of Peru, was the center of the Inca empire, resulting in a variety of amazing architectural constructions in the city that you cannot miss.


The Coricancha or originally Inticancha, which means temple of the sun, is considered one of the most sacred places in the entire Inca empire, where you can see temples of impressive architecture with a stone-on-stone structures perfectly fitted without using mortar or mud. It is located only 5 blocks from the main square of Cusco, there are no excuses not to visit it!

Cusco 5 places you must visit


The imposing fortress of Sacsayhuaman impresses with the enormous carved rocks, some weighing up to 125 tons, moved and joined with absolute precision by the ancient andeans to build this place that according to historians would have been a temple dedicated to Lightning.

Cusco 5 places you must visit

It is estimated that its construction It took up to 77 years and there were about 20,000 men who participated in it. This archaeological park in Cusco is also the setting for Inti Raymi or Festival of the Sun, the most important festival in Cusco that is celebrated every June 24.


One of the main archaeological places in the Sacred Valley is Pisaq, was a wonder of agricultural technology and fulfilled ceremonial functions and control functions in this sector of the Valley.

Cusco 5 places you must visit

Within its architectural constructions, the following stand out: the Intihuatana, the central and most sacred neighborhood with the greatest beauty in its walls; the K’alla Q’asa neighborhood located at the top of the mountains and the Pisaqa neighborhood built on top of an important agricultural sector of more than 40 superimposed platforms.


The Ollantaytambo fortress is located at the top of the mountains, where you have a wonderful view of the Sacred Valley. Because of this strategic location, Ollantaytambo was a Military, Religious, and Agricultural place.

Cusco 5 places you must visit

Ollantaytambo is very impressive due to its size, originality, and detail. Constructions such as the monumental portal, the Ñusta bath, the Temple of the Sun, and impressive agricultural platforms stand out; really one of the best works of Inca architecture.

Macchu Picchu

Located between mountain peaks and a river that meanders through its valleys is the sanctuary of Machu Picchu, an architectural and cultural wonder. Definitely a masterpiece of Inca architecture and engineering, with its platforms, stairs, ramps, finely carved stones, and irrigation system, it is truly a clearly Inca city.

Cusco 5 places you must visit

Among the extraordinary constructions, we can highlight the Temple of the Sun, the Temple of the Pacha Mama, the House of the Inca, the Temple of the Chacana, the Intihuatana, and the Temple of the Condor.

These are undoubtedly one of the most important archaeological centers in Cusco that stand out for their beauty and impressive Inca architecture and that you definitely cannot miss visiting!

Contact us

You can contact the Peru Private Tours team; we are happy to help you plan a once in a lifetime experience during your journey in Cusco.

Contact us to info@pptoursperu.com or to our WhatsApp number +51 915 105 124.


Sacred Valley Tour Peru – 1 Full Day

Machu Picchu Tour – 1 Full Day

City Tour Cusco + 4 Nearby Inca Ruins – Half Day